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What is Oculoplastic Surgery?

Evaluation, diagnosis and treatment of functional disorders and cosmetic complaints involving the eyelids, orbit (tissue and bones surrounding the eye), and tear drainage system.

Common Terms

  • Dermatochalasis – excess skin of the upper and/lower eyelids
  • Ptosis or Blepharoptosis – drooping of the upper eyelids
  • Blepharoplasty – eyelid surgery to remove redundant skin from the upper and/or lower lids
  • Blepharospasm – involuntary spasm/closing of the eyelids
  • Ectropion – outward turn or sag of the eyelids
  • Entropion – inward turn of the eyelids
  • Epiphora – tearing which comes down the cheek
  • Retraction – pulling down of the lower eyelid and pulling up of the upper eyelid
  • Lagophthalmos – gap between eyelids when they are trying to close
  • Eyelid skin cancers/lesions
  • Exophthalmos/Proptosis – bulging of the eye
  • Graves Disease/Thyroid Eye Disease – eyelid/orbital findings due to thyroid dysfunction
  • Lacrimal – refers to the tear production or drainage system

Before & After

Balaji Perumal, MD - Oculoplastic Surgeon

Our Oculoplastic Specialist

Balaji Perumal, M.D. is an Ophthalmic Plastic, Facial Cosmetic and Reconstructive Eye Surgeon. Dr. Perumal has specialized interest and training in all areas of reconstructive and cosmetic oculofacial surgery including eyelid surgery and reconstruction, periocular skin cancer and lesions, ptosis repair, cosmetic eyelid surgery, orbital tumors, endoscopic brow lift for droopy eyebrows, entropion and ectropion repair, lacrimal system & tearing disorders and thyroid eye disease. He has written multiple articles and chapters on these subjects.

Meet Our

Clemson Eye Aesthetics Team

The Clemson Eye Aesthetics Team is composed of Balaji Perumal, M.D., an oculoplastic surgeon, highly trained Nurse Injectors and Licensed Aestheticians as well as dedicated Patient Coordinators. Our knowledgeable, caring staff are here to answer any questions you may have.

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